Border Patrol Agent

Logical Reasoning Practice Test

In questions 1 through 8, some questions will ask you to select the only answer that can be
validly concluded from the paragraph. These questions include a paragraph followed by five
response options. Preceding the five response options will be the phrase “From the information
given above, it can be validly concluded that.” In other questions you may be asked to select the
only answer that cannot be validly concluded from the paragraph. These questions include a
paragraph followed by five response options. Preceding the five response options will be the
phrase “From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that.”

You must use only the information provided in the paragraph, without using any outside information whatsoever.

It is suggested that you take not more than 20 minutes to complete questions 1 through 8. The
questions on this practice test will not be on the real test, but the real questions will be similar in
form and difficulty to these. The explanations for the correct and incorrect responses are found
after the sample questions.

1. Often, crimes are characterized as either malum in se—inherently evil—or malum prohibitum—
criminal because they are declared as offenses by a legislature. Murder is an example of the former.
Failing to file a tax return illustrates the latter. Some jurisdictions no longer distinguish between
crimes malum in se and malum prohibitum, although many still do.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) many jurisdictions no longer distinguish between crimes malum in se and malum prohibitum
B) some jurisdictions still distinguish between crimes malum in se and malum prohibitum
C) some crimes characterized as malum in se are not inherently evil
D) some crimes characterized as malum prohibitum are not declared by a legislature to be an offense
E) sometimes failing to file a tax return is characterized as malum in se

2. A trucking company can act as a common carrier—for hire to the general public at published rates.
As a common carrier, it is liable for any cargo damage, unless the company can show that it was not
negligent. If the company can demonstrate that it was not negligent, then it is not liable for cargo
damage. In contrast, a contract carrier (a trucking company hired by a shipper under a specific
contract) is only responsible for cargo damage as spelled out in the contract. A Claus Inc. tractortrailer, acting under common carrier authority, was in a 5-vehicle accident that damaged its cargo. A
Nichols Inc. tractor-trailer, acting under contract carrier authority, was involved in the same accident,
and its cargo was also damaged.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, in reference to the accident,

A) if Claus Inc. is liable, then it can show that it was not negligent
B) if Claus Inc. cannot show that it was not negligent, then it is not liable
C) if Claus Inc. can show that it was not negligent, then it is not liable
D) if Nichols Inc. is liable, then it cannot show that it is negligent
E) if Nichols Inc. can show that it is not negligent, then it is not liable

3. A rapidly changing technical environment in government is promoting greater reliance on electronic
mail (e-mail) systems. As this usage grows, there are increasing chances of conflict between the
users’ expectations of privacy and public access rights. In some investigations, access to all e-mail,
including those messages stored in archival files and messages outside the scope of the investigation,
has been sought and granted. In spite of this, some people send messages through e-mail that would
never be said face-to-face or written formally.
From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) some e-mail messages that have been requested as part of investigations have contained messages
that would never be said face-to-face
B) some messages that people would never say face-to-face are sent in e-mail messages
C) some e-mail messages have been requested as part of investigations
D) e-mail messages have not been exempted from investigations
E) some e-mail messages contain information that would be omitted from formal writing

4. Phyllis T. is a former Federal employee who was entitled to benefits under the Federal Employee
Compensation Act because of a job-related, disabling injury. When an eligible Federal employee has
such an injury, the benefit is determined by this test: If the beneficiary is married or has dependents,
benefits are 3/4 of the person’s salary at the time of the injury; otherwise, benefits are set at 2/3 of the
salary. Phyllis T.’s benefits were 2/3 of her salary when she was injured.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, when Phyllis T. was injured, she

A) was married but without dependents
B) was not married and had no dependents
C) was not married but had dependents
D) was married and had dependents
E) had never been married

5. Some 480,000 immigrants were living in a certain country in 1999. Although most of these
immigrants were not employed in professional occupations, many of them were. For instance, many
of them were engineers and many of them were nurses. Very few of these immigrants were
librarians, another professional occupation.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, in 1999, in the country described
above,

A) most immigrants were either engineers or nurses
B) it is not the case that some of the nurses were immigrants
C) none of the engineers were immigrants
D) most of those not employed in professional occupations were immigrants
E) some of the engineers were immigrants

6. Police officers were led to believe that many weapons sold at a certain gun store were sold illegally.
Upon investigating the lead, the officers learned that all of the weapons sold by the store that were
made by Precision Arms were sold legally. Also, none of the illegally sold weapons were .45 caliber.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, concerning the weapons sold at
the store,

A) all of the .45 caliber weapons were made by Precision Arms
B) none of the .45 caliber weapons were made by Precision Arms
C) some of the weapons made by Precision Arms were .45 caliber weapons
D) all of the .45 caliber weapons were sold legally
E) some of the weapons made by Precision Arms were sold illegally

7. Impressions made by the ridges on the ends of the fingers and thumbs are useful means of
identification, since no two persons have the same pattern of ridges. If finger patterns from
fingerprints are not decipherable, then they cannot be classified by general shape and contour or by
pattern type. If they cannot be classified by these characteristics, then it is impossible to identify the
person to whom the fingerprints belong.
From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) if it is possible to identify the person to whom fingerprints belong, then the fingerprints are
decipherable
B) if finger patterns from fingerprints are not decipherable, then it is impossible to identify the
person to whom the fingerprints belong
C) if fingerprints are decipherable, then it is impossible to identify the person to whom they belong
D) if fingerprints can be classified by general shape and contour or by pattern type, then they are
decipherable
E) if it is possible to identify the person to whom fingerprints belong, then the fingerprints can be
classified by general shape and contour or pattern type

8. Explosives are substances or devices capable of producing a volume of rapidly expanding gases that
exert a sudden pressure on their surroundings. Chemical explosives are the most commonly used,
although there are mechanical and nuclear explosives. All mechanical explosives are devices in
which a physical reaction is produced, such as that caused by overloading a container with
compressed air. While nuclear explosives are by far the most powerful, all nuclear explosives have
been restricted to military weapons.
From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) all explosives that have been restricted to military weapons are nuclear explosives
B) no mechanical explosives are devices in which a physical reaction is produced, such as that
caused by overloading a container with compressed air
C) some nuclear explosives have not been restricted to military weapons
D) all mechanical explosives have been restricted to military weapons
E) some devices in which a physical reaction is produced, such as that caused by overloading a
container with compressed air, are mechanical explosives


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