The purpose of the Physical Techniques Program at the Border Patrol Academy is fourfold:
- To physically condition each new agent to an acceptable standard that will enable the new intern to perform the day-to-day duties of a Border Patrol Agent working in the field environment.
- To physically train and condition the new agent to successfully react to environmental or man made obstacles and physically dangerous situations in a manner most likely to minimize the likelihood of injury to the new agent, other agents or innocent third parties.
- To psychologically condition each new agent to have confidence in their own physical ability to react positively to physically strenuous or dangerous situations while, at the same time, maintaining an awareness of their own physical limitations.
- To instill in each intern agent an awareness of the importance of physical fitness to the border patrol agent and the need to maintain an individual physical fitness program after leaving the Academy.
The philosophy behind the aforementioned purpose has been developed due to the nature of the Border Patrol Agent’s duties.
The job or primary function of the Patrol agent is to apprehend violators of the immigration and nationality laws, both at and after entry. Secondly, due to our presence in the border areas, we frequently encounter and apprehend smugglers of both aliens and narcotics. The majority of agents perform their duties in rural areas, often on foot, and many times must respond to potentially dangerous situations by themselves without benefit of assistance. This fact, in itself, requires each patrol agent to be prepared, both psychologically and physically, to deal with armed and dangerous persons.
Border Patrol Agent interns will be required to take a final test. Testing is accomplished during a two hour Physical Techniques class. Failure in any portion of the Final Test is failure of the course. Border Patrol Agent interns must successfully pass the entire test during one class period to graduate from the Academy. The test consists of three timed events. The following is a list of the three events and their maximum times.
- 1 1/2 Mile Run – Maximum time: 13 minutes
- Confidence Course – Maximum time: 2 1/2 minutes
- 220 Yard Dash – Maximum time: 46 seconds