Border Patrol Agent

Sample Logical Reasoning Test

Some questions will ask you to select the only answer that can be validly concluded from the
paragraph. These questions include a paragraph followed by five response options. Preceding
the five response options will be the phrase “From the information given above, it can be validly
concluded that.” In other questions you may be asked to select the only answer that cannot be
validly concluded from the paragraph. These questions include a paragraph followed by five
response options. Preceding the five response options will be the phrase “From the information
given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that.”

You must use only the information provided in the paragraph, without using any outside
information whatsoever.

It is suggested that you take no more than 32 minutes to complete questions 1 through 16. The
questions on this test will not be on the real test, but the real questions will be similar in form
and difficulty to these. The explanations for the correct and incorrect responses are found in the
last section.

1. Agent Smith is in charge of all of the canine teams in his sector. Fifteen canine teams are
stationed in his sector. Most of the canine teams are located at stations along the border.
Several canine teams are located away from the border in large urban areas. All of the teams
must be available to travel to any duty station within the sector.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, in Agent Smith’s sector,

A) most of the canine teams are located away from the border in large urban areas
B) only teams located along the border must be available to travel to any duty station within
the sector
C) teams in urban areas do not need to be available to travel to other duty stations within the
sector
D) none of the teams are exempt from traveling to any duty location within the sector
E) few of the canine teams are located at stations along the border

2. The Chief of Police strives to provide quality service to the community while using resources
efficiently. Accordingly, the Chief must take into account several factors when allocating
resources. For example, if it is a holiday weekend, additional staff are assigned to duty.
However, if additional staff are assigned to duty, special funding is needed from the city
council.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) if it is a holiday weekend, then special funding is not needed from the city council
B) if it is not a holiday weekend, then special funding is needed from the city council
C) if special funding is not needed from the city council, then it is not a holiday weekend
D) if special funding is needed from the city council, then it is a holiday weekend
E) if special funding is not needed from the city council, then it is a holiday weekend

3. Several different means of smuggling, such as cross-border tunnels, are used to bring
narcotics, individuals, and contraband into the United States. Cross-border tunnels can be
found all along the land border of the United States. They vary significantly in size and
complexity of construction, although most are crudely constructed. Further, most crossborder tunnels are used for smuggling narcotics, although illegal aliens and other contraband
have also been smuggled using tunnels.

From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) most cross-border tunnels are not skillfully constructed
B) all cross-border tunnels are used for narcotics smuggling
C) at least some cross-border tunnels are not free from narcotics smuggling
D) at least some of the means used for narcotics smuggling are cross-border tunnels
E) at least some means used for narcotics smuggling involve crudely constructed tunnels

4. Naturalized U.S. citizens can lose their U.S. citizenship if and only if they expatriate or are
denaturalized. Misrepresentation on a legal permanent residence application, certain crimes,
and leaving the United States within one year of naturalization to establish permanent
residence elsewhere are all grounds for denaturalization. P.C. is a naturalized U.S. citizen.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) if P.C. loses her U.S. citizenship without being denaturalized, then she must have
expatriated
B) if P.C. does not expatriate, then she cannot lose her U.S. citizenship
C) if P.C. is denaturalized, then she must have made a misrepresentation on her legal
permanent residence application
D) if P.C. has committed no crimes, then she cannot be denaturalized
E) P.C. cannot lose her U.S. citizenship without being denaturalized

5. Following the Vietnam War, many people from Southeast Asia were paroled into the United
States with an indefinite immigration status. In 2003, a new rule was developed to allow for
adjustment of immigration status for some of these people. According to the new rule, all
nationals of Vietnam (and some others, for example, nationals of Cambodia) who were
paroled into the United States through the Orderly Departure Program were eligible to apply
for permanent resident status.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, based on the new rule of
2003,

A) everyone eligible to apply for permanent resident status is a national of Vietnam who was
paroled into the United States through the Orderly Departure Program
B) no one ineligible to apply for permanent resident status was a national of Vietnam who
was paroled into the United States through the Orderly Departure Program
C) only nationals of Vietnam who were paroled into the United States through the Orderly
Departure Program were eligible to apply for permanent resident status
D) some nationals of Vietnam who were paroled into the United States through the Orderly
Departure Program were ineligible to apply for permanent resident status
E) some of those who were ineligible to apply for permanent resident status were nationals
of Vietnam who were paroled into the United States through the Orderly Departure
Program

6. An employer is permitted to hire a new employee only if the employer is able to verify that
the applicant’s employment documentation establishes both of the following: 1) the applicant
is authorized to work in the United States and 2) the applicant who presents the employment
authorization document is the person to whom the documentation was issued. An employer
cannot request that an applicant provide more or different documents than required. If the
documentation appears false or unrelated, employers must refuse acceptance and ask for
other documentation from the Government’s list of acceptable documents.

From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) no employer is permitted to limit which documents it will accept for verification of
employment authorization
B) if an employer cannot verify that an applicant is authorized to work, then the employer is
not permitted to hire the applicant
C) if an applicant’s documentation appears to be true and relevant to an employer, the
employer must refuse acceptance and ask for other documentation from the
Government’s list of acceptable documents
D) an employer may request different employment documentation if the provided
documentation appears to be altered
E) if an applicant is permitted to be hired, then the applicant has verifiable employment
authorization

57. Although the owner of a certain farm said that all her Central American (for example,
Salvadoran and Honduran) workers were working legally, Border Patrol Agents discovered
that many of the farm’s employees were not authorized to work in the United States. After
checking the employees’ documentation, Border Patrol Agents discovered that all of the
female employees were working in the United States legally and none of the illegal workers
were from Honduras.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that, concerning the
employees on this farm,

A) all of the employees from Honduras were working legally
B) some of the women were illegal workers
C) none of the employees from Honduras were female
D) some of the female employees were from Honduras
E) all of the Salvadoran employees were women

8. The two ways of acquiring U.S. citizenship at birth are by place of birth and inheritance from
U.S. citizen parents. Any child born in the United States while under American jurisdiction
is a U.S. citizen at birth. Because foreign ambassadors are not subject to American
jurisdiction, children born in the United States to foreign ambassadors do not obtain
U.S. citizenship at birth. Children born overseas to U.S. citizen parents derive
U.S. citizenship at birth, as long as the parents previously lived in the United States for a
sufficient period of time. All others must naturalize to become citizens. J.B. was not a
U.S. citizen at birth.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that J.B.,

A) was born in the United States
B) was born overseas to U.S. citizen parents
C) was not born in the United States to U.S. citizen parents
D) was not born overseas to U.S. citizen parents
E) was born to U.S. citizen parents

69. In a certain border state, all state peace officers have the authority to issue state citations for
misdemeanor marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence. Early last
year, a certain Border Patrol Sector in the state began a new operation with state police.
Under this operation, all sector canine handlers were cross-designated as state peace officers.
From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that, in the border state
discussed above,

A) at least some law enforcement officers who can issue citations for misdemeanor
marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence are state peace officers
B) all sector canine handlers have the authority to issue state citations for misdemeanor
marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence
C) at least some individuals who have the authority to issue citations for misdemeanor
marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence are sector canine
handlers
D) no sector canine handlers lack the authority to issue state citations for misdemeanor
marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence
E) only sector canine handlers have the authority to issue citations for misdemeanor
marijuana and paraphernalia offenses committed in their presence

10. Reinstatement allows a former Federal employee to reenter the Federal competitive service
workforce without competing with the public in a civil service examination. If an applicant
has reinstatement eligibility, the applicant is eligible to apply for any open civil service
examination, as well as for Federal jobs open only to Federal employees. There is no time
limit on reinstatement eligibility in certain cases. For example, if an applicant has veterans’
preference or has acquired Federal career tenure by completing three years of substantially
continuous creditable service, the applicant has permanent reinstatement eligibility.
C.P. formerly worked in the Federal competitive service workforce.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) if C.P. has neither three years continuous creditable service nor veterans’ preference, then
C.P. cannot apply for a job open only to status candidates
B) if C.P. has permanent reinstatement eligibility, then C.P. must have veterans’ preference
or three years of continuous creditable service
C) if C.P. is not reinstatement eligible, then C.P. is not eligible to apply for any open civil
service examination or job open only to status candidates
D) if C.P. is eligible to apply for any open civil service examination or job open only to
status candidates, then C.P. must have veterans’ preference or three years of continuous
creditable service
E) if C.P. has veterans’ preference, then C.P. is eligible to apply for any open civil service
examination

11. When officers must physically force entry into a home, they are required to ensure that the
home is in a secure condition when they leave. Failure to secure the home leaves the officers
liable for loss of items from the home and/or damage to the home that results from leaving
the property unsecured. It is legal to break down doors in order to gain entry, if that degree
of force is determined by an officer to be necessary. If an officer forces entry, the officer is
required to take measures to minimize damage to the property. Officer Stoler needs to gain
entry into a suspect’s home.

From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) Officer Stoler is required to minimize damage to the home if Officer Stoler forces entry
B) if Officer Stoler is not required to ensure that the home is secure upon leaving, then
Officer Stoler did not force entry into the home
C) if Officer Stoler forces entry and fails to secure the home, Officer Stoler may be liable for
loss of items resulting from leaving the home unsecured
D) if Officer Stoler must physically force entry into the home, then Officer Stoler is not
required to ensure that the home is secure upon leaving
E) Officer Stoler will be required to secure the home unless Officer Stoler does not force
entry

12. Recently, Border Patrol agents received leads from informants about possible illegal activity
at La Rosita Park. When agents arrived at the park, they drove through the parking lots,
looking for individuals and vehicles matching their leads. The Agents examined several
suspicious vehicles, including many unregistered vehicles. All of the unregistered vehicles
contained bundles of marijuana. No arrests have been made in connection with this incident.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) several arrests have been made in connection with this incident
B) some of the vehicles that did not contain bundles of marijuana were unregistered
C) all of the vehicles that contained bundles of marijuana were unregistered
D) all of the vehicles that did not contain bundles of marijuana were registered
E) some of the vehicles that contained bundles of marijuana were registered

13. Green cards authorize aliens to work in the United States. The cards have a ten-year
expiration period. Application for a renewal of a green card can be made up to six months in
advance of expiration. In order to apply for renewal of a green card, the applicant is required
to apply in person and bring his or her current green card, application, fee, and new photos.
It may take one year for applicants to receive new green cards, but temporary documents are
provided.

From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) an application that does not require the applicant to apply in person cannot be a renewal
application for a green card
B) application for a replacement green card cannot be made more than six months in
advance of expiration
C) green cards are the only work authorization documents that expire after 10 years
D) it is not the case that some green cards never expire
E) some renewed green cards are not available in less than one year

14. If a non-immigrant alien (for example, a tourist) enters the United States illegally or enters
legally but violates his or her non-immigrant status, the alien is considered to be an
undocumented alien. If an alien accepts unauthorized employment, remains longer than
permitted, or commits one of several other violations, the alien has violated his or her nonimmigrant status. Some of these undocumented aliens purchase counterfeit documents or
assume another person’s identity by using fraudulently obtained genuine documents. R.G. is
a non-immigrant alien who is living in the United States.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) if R.G. is an undocumented alien, then R.G. must have entered the United States illegally
B) if R.G. has violated non-immigrant status but has not remained in the United States
longer than permitted, then R.G. has accepted unauthorized employment
C) if R.G. has not remained in the United States longer than permitted, R.G. is not an
undocumented alien
D) if R.G. is an undocumented alien, then R.G. entered the United States legally
E) if R.G. is not an undocumented alien, then R.G. has not accepted unauthorized
employment

15. When an illegal alien is being “removed,” the alien’s passport in U.S. Government
possession is returned to the issuing government, not to the illegal alien. If the illegal alien’s
departure is voluntary, the passport is allowed to be returned to the alien. The U.S.
Government holds the passport of H.B., an illegal alien who must leave the country.

From the information given above, it CANNOT be validly concluded that

A) H.B.’s departure is not voluntary if H.B.’s passport is allowed to be returned to H.B.
B) if H.B.’s passport is not returned to the issuing government upon H.B.’s departure, then
H.B. is not being removed
C) H.B.’s departure is not voluntary unless the passport is allowed to be returned to H.B.
D) if H.B.’s passport is not allowed to be returned to H.B., then H.B.’s departure is not
voluntary
E) if H.B. is being removed, then H.B.’s passport is to be returned to the issuing government

16. Oleoresin capsicum (OC), or “pepper spray,” is an effective law enforcement tool for
incapacitating violent or threatening arrestees without using deadly force. Pepper spray
causes a burning sensation of the eyes and skin and tearing and swelling of the eyes. Almost
all arrestees are unable to see after being sprayed with OC. Some law enforcement agencies
that have adopted OC sprays have fewer allegations of use of excessive force. Many law
enforcement agencies have reported a reduction in officer and arrestee injuries as a result of
the introduction of OC sprays.

From the information given above, it can be validly concluded that

A) any use of a law enforcement tool that causes a burning sensation of the eyes is
considered to be the use of deadly force
B) few arrestees are able to see after being sprayed with OC
C) all law enforcement agencies which have reduced officer and arrestee injuries have also
reduced allegations of use of excessive force
D) no agencies that have adopted OC sprays have fewer allegations of use of excessive force
E) only pepper spray is an effective law enforcement tool for incapacitating violent or
threatening arrestees without using deadly force


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